Not many people realize that it is actually very easy to grow mushrooms yourself at home, instead opting to spend their money at their local supermarket on mushroom species cheaply imported from foreign countries where they are grown in bulk. The shop variety do not have a lot of a ledge life and the mushrooms don’t really like to be packed in plastic so by learning how to grow mushrooms at home not only are you going to have fresher longer-lasting mushrooms but they will also most likely taste stronger and more mushroomey as the shop varieties generally have a more watered-down flavor.
Another benefit from growing mushrooms yourself is that you aren’t limited to the variety displayed in the shops — which usually consists of button mushrooms, Shiitake, Oyster and Portobello. Although Oyster mushrooms are seen to be the easiest type of mushroom to grow, you might wish to try and grow something that most shops won’t ever sell. The Lions Tresses mushroom is a little harder to grow and yet has a taste which is much like that of lobster, and it is very expensive to purchase from specialist retailers.
To be able to grow your own mushrooms first you will need to decide on a variety. There are hundreds of edible mushrooms that can be grown either inside your house or outside, most prop be satisfied with the oyster mushroom to begin with due to the simplicity of growing it (Oyster, or Pleutorus Ostreateus has very vigorous growth and so is very likely to grow given the right conditions).
Once you have decided on a variety of mushroom to grow you will need to find the specific growing requirements, as all fungus have their own different growing guidelines. With the Oyster mushroom you can use the wood-based substrate (paper, cardboard etc) or you can grow it on straw wonderbar canna banana. These are the most common substrates to use as they give you the best assure.
The next thing you will need is the mushroom spawn. It is easiest if you purchase your spawn from a shop — which is probably easiest done online as most garden centers only sell complete mushroom growing kits, whereas the spawn alone is a little more specialist. There are many websites that sell spawn and it will only cost you a few pounds for a bag which can provide lots of mushrooms (it is also far better value to grow your own mushrooms then to purchase them from a store).
With the oyster mushrooms you need to pasteurize the straw or paper-based product, which eliminates off many of the bacteria present, giving the mushroom spawn a head-start when it comes to growing. You can do this by submerging the straw/paper in some difficulties, keeping it at around 60 degrees C approximately an hour. When it’s done, deplete the substrate and allow it to needlessly cool before packing it into a see-through plastic bag. Put a handful of straw/paper into the bag and then sprinkle spawn on top, and continue this prior to the bag is full. Tie the bag with a metal-tie and then pierce holes over the bag which will allow air to help the mycelium grow and will allow mushrooms to grow later, Leave it in a warm room approximately two weeks prior to the bag completely colonizes (turns white, from the mycelium growing). An airing filing cabinet or combi boiler room is an ideal place).
When the bag is fully colonized it decide to fruit — mushrooms should start appearing within a few days. To help it to fruit you need to move the bag to a cooler, damper area where dampness levels are about 90% or more. Oyster mushrooms like to be in quite cool conditions therefore it is probably far better place them outside. They will quickly form (pin) from the holes that were poked in the bag previously, due to the mushrooms choice the air provided. When this happens, carefully cut the bag and peel from the lemon it back a little, allowing the mushrooms the air and space required to grow to large sizes. When the Oyster mushrooms look a good size and just before the truck caps unfurl to push out a their spores, gently pull and twist them at their stems to harvest them. Cut the end the main originate with a chef’s knife and they decide to eat!